• Denomination: Panagia (+ Cemetery)

  • District: Nicosia

  • Town/Village: Trachoni

  • Category: Church

  • Religion: Christian

  • A.Monument: Yes

  • Ref#: 346

Description (Typology, Period, Actual Use)

One of the most important architectural masterpieces of the 17th Century, the church had an icon dedicated to the BVM which painted in 1670 (Gunnis). The nave is divided into three bays by three pointed arches resting on springers embedded into the side walls while the inscised cross plan is accentuated by lateral pointed arches embedded into the side walls. The first bay also acts as an entry-narthex above which is the gallery, the floor of  which rests on a wooden transverse beam supported on wooden brackets embedded into the side walls. The third bay contains a resting on a barrel drum, which is supported on massive stone rectangular piers. The main entry is also located in the third bay, on the north side, and is itself arched and incised into a lateral pointed arch spanning the bay. The sanctuary (hieron) is in ruins. The roof edging of the church is executed in a flat dressed stone cornice with a single edge moulding. A squat bell tower rests on the SW The richly carved iconostasis has been striped of icons but is itself beautifully executed in carved motifs of rosettes, vine leaves, grapes and cherubs heads in trefoil medallions, the faces of which have been slashed off. Along the whole of the north fašade of there is a porch composed of three bays, along its north side,  of pointed arches. These rest on massive piers embedded into the corners of the porch, while the central arch rests on low columns surmounted by Gothic capitals, possibly belonging to an older building. The columns themselves rest on a low parapet wall.  The narrow sides facing east and west are also spanned by pointed arches, although the east arch has partially collapsed. An old olive tree exists, in axis of the west arch of the porch. The ceiling of the arch is sloped, with 'voliges' (round wooden hand-hewn beams) covered on their underside with wooden planking. Over the beams there appears to be bamboo reed matting, covered over by tiles. The front west doorway is decorated in smooth dressed sandstone, set in relief from the wall. It is composed of a rectangular portal with an inscised arched opening. Across carved in relief is set into the keystone. A double guttae cornice edging finishes the portal on top. Plain imitation Tuscan capitals and plain plinths form the stone doorway jambs. An arched votive niche with a dressed limestone cornice and rounded sill is situated on the right of the portal. The only existing door is a 1950ties designed metal grille composed of rounded cross motifs. To the right of the main north gate into the church courtyard and beneath the old olive tree there is a round ground well executed in rough hewn stones going deeply into the ground. The well indicates that this is a church used for burials. To the north of the porch there are numerous broken graves, one of which, located near the NE pier, is covered over by a large jasmine shrub. A low bell tower rests on the NW masonry corner of the nave, to the left of the entry. The bell tower is composed of four piers in relief moulding bearing pointed arches. Masonry buttresses have been added on the south side in at least two different attempts at structural reinforcements. The church is in imminent collapse.

General Conditions

Structure: Ruin

Facade: Ruin

Roof: Fair

Interior: Ruin

Decoration: Ruin

Mass: Preserved

Humidity: Dangerous

Comments: Decorative Features: Ruin - Wood carved iconostasis.

Building Materials

Technical Details/Materials Used

Walls: Irregular ashlar,whitewashed on interior and exterior facades

Roof: Limassol Marseilles-type tiles over domes,possibly a reconstruction

Floors: Terrazzo gray floor tiles with black stone chips inside church. under porch,some Cypriot marble slab

Doors: Missing

Windows: Missing

Interior

Icons: Not Available

Hagiography: Not Available

Michrap: Not Available

Small Signs: Not Available

Architect Plans

Architect Plans: No

Cadastral Elements: Plot 426

Proposed Protection Measures

In Imminent danger of collapse - immediate action necessary.